Symptoms and Causes of Myopia

Myopia, or short-sightedness, is an ailment that is very commonly suffered. The first signs of myopia are often detected during childhood, from earlier school years until children turn into teenagers. If a child is developing myopia, they may be persistently squinting, sitting closer to the television than is necessary, blinking constantly and rubbing their eyes more than is normal. If you spot any of these behaviours, whether in a child or yourself, it’s a good to visit a medical professional. Not doing so can be hazardous, as tasks performed while suffering from untreated myopia can be carried out improperly due to an inability to see properly. It’s advisable to seek emergency care if you unexpectedly suffer from flashes of light, see tiny specks in your field of vision, or see shadows that aren’t really there. 

Symptoms of myopia

Myopia occurs in individuals who lack the smooth curvature required for an eye to have perfect vision. They may therefore have an eyeball that is longer than normal, or their cornea is curved too steeply. So, instead of images being focused precisely on your retina, light is instead focused in front of your retina. This imperfect refracting causes incoming light to not focus as well as it should, causing objects that are far away to become blurry. There are a range of issues that myopia can cause, ranging from minor to severe. Myopia will generally result in reduced quality of life, depending on the severity of your condition, and may affect daily tasks in different ways. It can also cause eyestrain due to the need to squint more often, which can lead to headaches depending on how often you inadvertently squint. Due to these factors, or if you have not yet sought help from your local optometrist in Melbourne, you may very well find that your safety will be impaired through things like driving and operating other heavy machinery. 

Causes of myopia

Genetics is one of the main ways that myopia can develop in people – if you are aware of people in your immediate family suffering from some kind of vision issue, it is possible it may also affect you at some stage. Although short-sightedness may develop naturally in some people, there are a variety of risk factors that can increase the chance of someone developing myopia. Common examples of this include activities that require objects be in close proximity, such as reading or playing games on a screen that is very close. While these activities are acceptable to do at a reasonable level, it is the constant engagement with these activities that carry risk factors. Studies also suggest that not spending enough time outdoors also has the potential to carry risk of developing myopia. With all this in mind, it’s important to remember that treating myopia from the first signs will lead to better quality of life

When was your last eye check-up?

If you’ve been experiencing some eye issues, even if it’s something you believe you can manage, seeing an eye specialist is the best course of action. This way, being properly treated will mean you won’t have to suffer the long-term negative effects that untreated myopia can cause. It’s also an excellent idea to pay close attention to your children, if you have them, particularly if you suffer from myopia yourself. This way you can catch any symptoms early and treat your child as quickly as possible.

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