CDC: “Update on Pulmonary Disease Associated with E-cigarettes,” Sept. 6, 2019.
Daniel Fox, MD, pulmonologist, WakeMed Health & Hospitals, Raleigh, NC.
Jennifer Layden, MD, PhD, chief medical officer and state epidemiologist, Illinois Department of Public Health.
Mitch Zeller, JD, director, FDA Center for Tobacco Products.
Dana Meaney-Delman, MD, incident manager, CDC 2019 Lung Injury Response.
CDC, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: “Outbreak of Electronic-Cigarette-Associated Acute Lipoid Pneumonia — North Carolina, July-August 2019.”
England Journal of Medicine: Sept. 6, 2019.
Minnesota Department of Health.
Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.